Who can protect us from the police

canada goose outlet in canada Theo was on his way to visit a friend when the police stopped him to check his ID. The French police called the violent assault “an accident”. canada goose outlet in canada

canada goose outlet winnipeg Theo was subsequently treated in hospital. His case triggeredprotests in several Parisian suburbs which at times turned into riots. Protesters and the police clashed, notably in the suburban town of Bobigny, where cars and buses were burned and stores were ransacked. canada goose outlet winnipeg

canada goose outlet location At this stage, the French Court of Justice is looking into how to assess canada goose outlet online uk thenature ofthe assaultagainst Theoand whether it should be consideredrape or an act of violence. This, according to the court, can be established only by determining the nature of theperpetrator’sintention at the time of the canada goose outlet online incident. Rape is punishable goose outlet canada by 15 years of imprisonment.” On February 20, a judge is expected to decide whether the accused policemen will face trial. canada goose outlet location

canada goose outlet store uk A conviction of rape and a jail sentence for the policeman could be considered by Theo’s family a victory and satisfy people’s demands for justice. But if the policeman is acquitted, a repeat of the 2005riots triggered by the deaths of two teenagers during a police chase is highly probable. canada goose outlet store uk

canada goose outlet florida Identity checks and politics canada goose outlet florida

canada goose outlet seattle As the incident took place amida heatedelectoral campaign, it was not surprising to see presidential candidates capitalising on it to make quick gains. Marine Le Pen, the far right candidate, voiced support for the police forces and their “right to defend themselves”. Le Pen refused to condemn the assault on Theo, thususingthis horribleabuse to attract voters and stir upracialtensions in suburban neighbourhoods. canada goose outlet seattle

canada goose outlet sale Le Pen’s opportunism is reminiscent of the actions of former PresidentNicolas Sarkozy in 2005,when he wasinterior minister and presidential candidate. Sarkozy came out in support of the police forces duringtheriotsin canada goose factory outlet Paris suburbs. Two years later, in 2007, Sarkozy was elected president of the republic. The regular riots and confrontations that follow every police assault attest to this fact. canada goose outlet sale

canada goose outlet online store One of the most obvious reasons behind this tense relationship is the so called “delit de facies”, which is a police identity check carried out systematically and repeatedly targeting individuals canada goose outlet reviews mainly because of their skin colour (it was in this context that Theo was assaulted). It is a discriminatory and humiliating procedure that is deeply rooted in the collective psyche of the suburban communities both African and Arab who for long have complained about it. canada goose outlet online store

canada goose uk site During his 2012 election campaign, French President Francois Hollande committed himself canada goose outlet new york city to combating the “delit Canada Goose UK de facies”. However,he has clearly failed to do so; three years into his presidency, five plaintiffs won a cases against the French state for discrimination during police identity checks based on skin colour. canada goose uk site

canada goose outlet ottawa Moreover, in April 2009, Amnesty International canada goose black friday sale published areportdenouncing the French police violations and the failure of the French justice system to put an end to such acts. “Police ill treatment, racial abuse and www.canadagoose-coats.co.uk excessive use of force continues while procedures canada goose outlet uk for investigating such allegations are still failing to meet the standards required by international law,” the report, titled “France: Police above the law?”, said. canada goose outlet ottawa

canada goose outlet vip But neither the Amnesty International report, nor theFrench court rulings, nor the canada goose outlet toronto factory denunciations of the French civil associations, could put an end to the phenomenon. The French police continues to justify itsabuseswith the lack of human and materialresources,as if respecting individuals’ human dignity is somehow associated with official canada goose outlet material resources and/or to the number of policemen on the ground! canada goose outlet vip

Failure of the state

goose outlet canada An acute crisis of confidence has long existed between the canada goose outlet nyc inhabitants of suburban neighbourhoods and canada goose outlet sale the French state that almost always manifests its presence in the suburbs only through its police force. goose outlet canada

canada goose outlet kokemuksia As Amar Henni, a leading youth worker in the district of canada goose outlet parka La Grande Borne on the southern outskirts ofParis, told The Guardian: “the biggest unresolved problem is the relationship between youth and police. The state took a security approach, rather than a social or education response.” canada goose outlet kokemuksia

canada goose outlet belgium Therefore, in the absence canada goose outlet jackets of a genuine policy on integration and urban development in these “sensitive urban zones” (as designated by the French administration) where unemployment is more than twice the national rate, and whereschoolshave a high turnover of often inexperienced teachers, and as long as the successive governments refuse to acknowledge their responsibility for this social failure, without real commitments and changes, unfortunately riots and cars and shops set on fire will continue to occur every time the police commits such horrible acts. canada goose outlet belgium

canada goose outlet edmonton When state violence becomes systematic and rarely punished, the society falls into a vicious cycle where violence only triggers more violence. The case of Theo is a natural outcome of the failure of the state on all levels to canada goose outlet store combat racism, discrimination and put an end to police violence and abuses against the inhabitants of thesuburbs canada goose outlet edmonton.

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